When you take a walk through houses or improvement store, and you are prone to see the word “security” over and over again you can find security guards, lock, camera etc. Asking ourselves, why is protection (safe environment) so important to us? We need to feel safe in our environment. We prefer secured parking with a clearly marked track. We look for a safe and secure environment that allows us to recognize and respond to any danger, just like at home we need safe environments, children in preschool/school need a safe environment that helps them feel secure. Children depend on us to meet their basic needs at the same they also depend on us to protect them from harm so they feel safe allowing children to build relationships and becoming secure and meeting their perspective. When setting up the environment, the age and the abilities of each individual child should be taken into consideration.
Children need love and positive relationship for healthy brain development and staff working in the center should prevent any kind of harm to children from known risk or accidents. The center should always practice safe and sanitary as the highest risk with children in group care setting is from injuries and infection. Following is nutritional practices food which is safe, sanitizes, stored, prepared and served in a presented way in proper portion and time.
Child Centers should have a variety of space depending on hours they spend in school; the age of the children attending are 3 to 5 year and the number of children attending is 60. As these age groups need lots of space to move and do vigorous activities indoor and outdoor, the center should contain child friendly classroom, office area where you can meet parents, child- friendly restroom, and food serving space and The center should be designed to allow the children to independently move for body needs such as hunger, thirst, using the toilet and choose activities. Children, outdoor play should require running space, playing ball, climber, swings, slides, and storage of playing items such as tricycles and controlled access for safeguarding the outdoor area. If possible outdoor play should also contain a sand area, water play area, planting flower and vegetable area, pet (animal) area, and should have a 6-0 fence completely surrounding the play area. This includes provisions and strategies to ensure that children are safe and healthy, children are not physically abused by an adult in the center, and staff member should focus on improving and practicing maintenance.