“The term ’emotional intelligence’ was popularized in 1995 by psychologist and behavioral science journalist Dr. Daniel Goleman in his book, Emotional Intelligence”.
Emotional Intelligence is a term used to describe and individual’s ability to recognize their own and other people’s emotions, to discriminate between different feelings and label them appropriately, and to use emotional information toguide thinking and behavior.
The term “emotional intelligence seems first to have appeared in a 1964 paper by Michael Beldoch, and in the 1966 paper by B.Leuner entitled emotional intelligence and emancipation which appeared in the psychotherapeutic journal: practice of child psychology and child psychology.
The term subsequently appeared in Wayne Payne’s doctoral thesis, a study of emotion, developing emotional intelligence from 1985. The first published use of the term “emotional intelligence” (EQ) is an article by Keith Beasley in 1987 in the British Mensa magazine. In 1989, Stanley Greenspan put forward a model to describe EI, followed by another by Peter Salovey and John Mayer published in the same year.
In 1990, Salovey and Mayer proposed the existence of a new intelligence, Called “emotional intelligence.” Drawing on research findings in the areas of emotion, intelligence, psychotherapy, and cognition, it has been suggested that some people might be more intelligent about emotions than others (Salovey ; Mayer, 1990, p. 189). We called attention to people’s problem solving in areas related to emotion: recognizing emotions in faces, understanding the meanings of emotion words, and managing feelings, among others. We argued that, collectively, such skills implied the existence of a broader, overlooked capacity to reason about emotions: an emotional intelligence (Cacioppo, Semin, & Berntson, 2004; Haig, 2005). We later characterized the problem-solving people carried out as falling into four areas or “branches” (Mayer & Salovey, 1997).