Science and technology in ancient and medieval India covered all the major branches of human knowledge and activities, including mathematics, astronomy, physics, chemistry, medical science and surgery, fine arts, mechanical and production technology, civil engineering and architecture, shipbuilding and navigation, sports and games. The main advancements and achievements in Ancient India that were made are mathematics, astronomy, medicine, and art.
According to an article on crystalinks.com, it says that the Indians developed an understanding for zero, the techniques of algebra and algorithm, square root and cube root. Arguably, the origins of Calculus lie in India 300 years before Leibnitz and Newton. In ancient India, roots to mathematics can be traced to Vedic literature, which are around 4000 years old. Between 1000 BC and 1000 AD, a number of mathematical treatises were authored in India. It is now generally accepted that India is the birth place of several mathematical concepts, including zero, the decimal system, algebra and algorithm, square root and cube root. Zero is a numeral as well as a concept. It owes its origin to the Indian philosophy which had a concept of ‘sunya’, literal translation of which is ‘void’ and zero emerged as a derivative symbol to represent this philosophical concept
According to starteachastronomy.com it says the practices of astronomy and astrology in ancient India had their roots almost four thousand years ago. Much of what we know about Indian astronomy comes from the Sanskrit sacred books called the Vedas. These religious texts were a series of hymns composed over several hundred years, and offer intriguing insights into the way Indians of the time viewed the sky. As in most ancient cultures, events in the heavens were believed to have direct effects on people. The practice of astrology, of divining a person’s future based on physical phenomena, was a driving force in the advancement of astronomy as a science. In the Veda texts, the gods were called Devas, which means ‘bright’ and refers to the luminous nature of the sun and stars. The Sun, comets, the sky, dawn, and the horizon were all deified based on their attributes.
In Ancient India, medicine may be the most important advancement in history. In an article “Ancient India Medicine” it says that the development of ancient Indian medicine system can be traced right from the Indus Valley Civilization. The archaeological remains of Harappa and Mohenjo-daro suggest the evidence for the existence of a medicine system. The Indus people used plant drugs, animal products and minerals. In one of the excavations Silajatu (Silajit) has been found, which indicates that it might have been used by the Indus people. settlements and knowledge of elaborate town planning. The ancient system of medicine finds more graphic details in the Vedic civilization that flourished in the Gangetic plains from 1000 BC onwards. The earliest treatise Rig Veda mentions that Dhanvantari 17th incarnation of Lord Vishnu was worshipped as God of medicine. It was also regarded as the source of Ayurveda. The other reference to medical practice in Vedic age finds mention in the worship of Ashvins or Ashwini Kumaras, the twin gods that averted misfortune and sickness. They are considered as the doctors of gods and devas of Ayurvedic medicine.
An advancement that was made is art and according to thisismyindia.com it states that the art they created developed at a great pace considering hey did projects such as sculpting and painting. They mainly painted pictured of their gods whom they worshipped. When it came to clothing, the Indians went from basic clothing to the achievement of wearing long robes and more difficult items to create. The reason they were able to do that is because of having needle and being able to sew. Jewelry is something the ancient Indians loved and they worked hard on finding a way to make things flashier, and that is why they were really excited when they found a way to turn gold into bracelets and other items such as that. This was a huge step for them because they were used to wooden items and now they wear both. But things like art, jewelry, and clothing are small achievements they made that lasted for a long time and they still use them today in India. The more of these items, though, that you had, the more money you had, and that most likely told you where you were on their achievement of making a social class.
In conclusion, Ancient India has made prominent advancements. These advancements are used today including math, medicine, art, and astronomy. These were the most important because of what they are used for and what profit these achievements get. Although there are other important progressions