Ectopic Pregnancy, according to Webster’s dictionary (Webstersdictionary.com) is described to be a pregnancy in which the fetus develops outside of the uterus. The uterus is the organ that is located within the lower body of a woman. The uterus is where offspring are conceived, prior to birth. In ectopic cases, the fetus typically begins to develop in the woman’s fallopian tube, instead of the uterus. There can be many causes for this.
According to Americanpregnancy.org, there can be different causes for an ectopic pregnancy. One cause is described as an infection or inflammation of the fallopian tube. When the fallopian tube is infected or inflamed, it can cause a partial or entire blockage. Another cause for an ectopic pregnancy is scar tissue from a previous infection or even a surgical procedure. Any previous surgeries in the pelvic area can cause adhesions which can also contribute to ectopic pregnancies. How would you know if you are experiencing an ectopic pregnancy?
There are multiple signs and symptoms that can be associated with an ectopic pregnancy. According to google.com, symptoms can include pelvic pain, and vaginal bleeding. One may also experience pain in other areas of the body, such as the abdomen, or the side of the body. Additional symptoms can also include, cramping, bloating, and nausea with or without vomiting. With symptoms such as these, one may seek immediate medical attention for treatment.
According to webmd.com, there are several treatments available dependent upon what stage of pregnancy the woman is in. To prevent complications, immediate treatment is required. If this is diagnosed in the early stages, some medications may be sufficient. If diagnosis is in the later stages, more drastic treatments may be required. Since a fertilized egg cannot develop normally outside of the uterus, the following medications and treatments are required to prevent life threatening complications. Treatments consist of both medications and or surgeries.
A Medication considered for an early stage ectopic pregnancy is Methotrexate, according to healthline.com. Methotrexate is a chemotherapy drug. Chemotherapy drugs are used to kill cells that are growing or multiplying too quickly. Laparoscopic surgeries are surgeries that use a video camera, in which tubes are inserted into small cuts on the body to repair or remove tissue. Other medical procedures may be required for an ectopic pregnancy, such as a vacuum aspiration, or dilation and evacuation.
A vacuum aspiration is a procedure that removes the contents from the uterus of a female. This is performed by using a needle or a hollow tube. Dilation and evacuation is also a procedure for removing contents from the uterus (or womb) of a female. In a dilation and evacuation procedure, the cervix is expanded. Once the cervix is expanded, the contents are then removed by scraping and vacuuming. Only medical professionals will be able to perform such procedures and prescribe such medications.
There may be more than one medical professional involved in not only the diagnosis, but the examinations and procedures as well. Initially, your primary care physician (PCP) or Obstetrics and Gynecological doctor (OB/GYN) may diagnose an ectopic pregnancy. They will conduct an Ultrasound initially. An ultrasound allows the doctor to see the exact location of the pregnancy. This is crucial in diagnosing an ectopic pregnancy, according to Wiki.com.
The doctor may also request other tests. Other tests that may be required consist of blood tests. A blood test checks for signs of blood loss. These tests also check for other conditions of the blood such as anemia. A woman’s blood type may also be checked, in case she may need a blood transfusion.
In conclusion, I state that though ectopic pregnancies are unfortunate, thankfully there are steps and ways to not only make a diagnosis, but to provide treatments as well. Infections in the pelvis, such as pelvic inflammatory disease is a huge risk factor when it comes to ectopic pregnancies. According to mayoclinic.org, there is no way to completely prevent an ectopic pregnancy, but there are several ways to decrease your risk. You can decrease your risk of ectopic pregnancy by not having multiple sexual partners. In addition to that, always use a condom to help prevent sexually transmitted diseases. Last but not least, no smoking. After all, your health should always be your number one priority. If you don’t take it seriously, then who will?