Course: Environmental Management Applied
Worksheet Number: 5
Due Date: As Shown on Blackboard
Marks: 20
Objectives
Explore a topic
Task
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Notes
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Name & Surname
Ziyanda Fokile
Student No:
217235034

Task:
We have been exploring the Millennium Development (MDGs) and Sustainable Development (SDGs) goals in class (as part of our module on Sustainable Development). We also used the Caribbean country of Haiti as a case study.
Use the following indices to compare THREE different countries (do not use the countries discussed in class): HDI (human development Index), Income inequality (Gini coefficient), life expectancy at birth, infant mortality rate, Total fertility rate and Adult literacy rate.

Explore the data, by creating a summary table
Compare the data by creating graphs in Excel for your selected countries
And write a short discussion (300 to 400 words) about what the statistics tell us about these countries. How does all of this relate to Agenda 2030 and the UNs Sustainable Development Goals.For this task use the UNDP’s website: http://hdr.undp.org/en/countries
NB:
No marks will be given for plagiarised work
Please use at least TWO references (You may use any reference technique)

Countries Human Development Index Income inequality (Gini coefficient) life expectancy at birth(years) infant mortality rate( per 1000 live birth) Adult literacy rate(% ages 15 and older) Total fertility rate
Lithuania 0.848 35.1 73.5 3.3 99.8 1.7
Thailand 0.74 37.9 74.6 10.5 96.7 1.5
Panama 0.788 50.7 77.8 14.6 95 2.5

These graphs above are a representation of the International Human development indicators of these countries namely: Lithuania, Thailand and Panama. By looking at the International development indicators you are able to monitor or measure the countries progress in terms of its development based on the Agenda 2030 sustainable development goals and it targets.

Looking at the Human development Index graph above indicates that Lithuania has a very high human development index when compared with Thailand and Panama which have a high human development index but less than Lithuania. This means that these countries have a high life-span, a high level of education as well as a higher Gross Domestic Product which means they have a high value of economic activities within their countries.

Income inequality graph shows that Panama has a very high income inequality compared to the other countries. This indicates that there is a very high or big gap between high earning people and those that earn very little wages or salaries.
Life expectancy graph shows that Panama has a higher life expectancy compared to the other countries but also Lithuania and Thailand have a high life expectancy this is due to the high level of heath care services in these countries. This shows a good progress when linking it to the Agenda 2030 goal which states that countries should ensure healthy lives as well as well-being for all ages.

Infant mortality rate graph shows us that Lithuania has the lowest infant mortality rates of 3.3 which is a good sign that there is reduced child mortality and improved maternal health due to people having access to health facilities in their country.

The adult literacy rate graph indicates that amongst the three countries: Lithuania, Thailand and Panama, Lithuania has the highest adult literacy rate. All three countries can be categorised under countries with very high literacy rate which tell us that majority of people in these countries are educated.

Total fertility rate graph shows that the fertility rate for Lithuania is 1.7 whilst Thailand is 1.5 and Panama has a fertility rate of 2.5. By looking at these total fertility rates you can conclude that the growth rate amongst these countries is low.

References
Data was accessed in website: http://hdr.undp.org/en/countries