An essay is a type of assignment in which you present your point of view on a single topic through the analysis and discussion of academic sources. Usually, an essay has the format of an introduction, body paragraphs and a conclusion.
Use logic and reasoning; avoid bias and and emotions; question sources and assmuptions; find gaps in knowledge; examine evidence; and explore connections in order to reach your conclusionsCritical analysis is essential to essay writing. One way you can demonstrate this is by summarising and paraphrasing other writers, by comparing, contrasting and evaluating their ideas. You can use this analysis to construct your own opinions, questions or conclusions.
When writing an essay, you need to have a clear position on a topic (sometimes called a thesis statement) in the introduction. You then support your thesis statement in the body of the essay, using relevant ideas and evidence from appropriate sources. It is important that you present your own ideas, opinions and analyses throughout your essay. When you use someone else’s ideas, you must correctly acknowledge it through referencing. Citations are included within the text and a reference list or bibliography at the end of the text, both according to the referencing style required by your unit.
Essay writing is different to:
1) reflective writing, which is based primarily on your personal experiences
2) report writing, which focuses primarily on reporting facts and making recommendations.