A tragic event that went down in History
I think it is important for people to understand the Holocaust because it was a major event in history where the Germans tried to wipe out and entire ethnic group of Jewish people. Adolf Hitler was one of the leaders who spewed his propaganda about, trying to influence people to turn their backs on the Jews. Hitler won over several people’s minds and eventually he convinced them to show hatred towards the Jews. It was easy to identify the Jews because they were forced to wear yellow stars on their clothes. The Germans thought that they were superior to the Jews, gays, the mentally sick, and the elderly.
Hitler’s legacy is one of great cruelty and destruction. Adolf Hitler was born on April 20,1889, at Braunau-am-Inn, Austria-Hungary. In 1907, after death of his father, Hitler left home for Vienna, Austria. He hoped to study art and architecture there, but he was not admitted to the academy of Fine Arts. He fell into poverty and earned money by painting postcards.
In 1913, Hitler moved to Munich Germany. Like may German-speaking citizens of Austria Hungary, he considered himself a German. He found few opportunities for work in Munich. During World War I (1914-18), Hitler joined the Germany army. He served mostly as a runner on the front line. He was wounded in the leg in 1916 and gassed in 1918. He was awarded many decorations for bravery. Germany’s defeat in the war had a blow to Hitler. But the war had taught him a great deal about violence and it’s use. It had a great influence on him.
In Munich after the war, Hitler met people that shared his point views. Like him, they believed that the Jews where superior to others. He also read literature that blamed the democracy for Germany’s defeat in the war.
In 1919, Hitler became interested in the German Workers’ Party. The German Workers’ party preached violent nationalism and anti-Semitism (hatred of Jews). The party was later reintroduced as the National Socialist German Workers’ Party, or Nazi party. Hitler quickly saw the Nazi Party offered a route to political power. In 1920 he began to work full-time for the party. Hitler was a powerful speaker. In 1921 he became party chairman.
In April 1932, Hitler ran for German presidency. He narrowly lost to Paul von Hindenburg, who had been president since 1925. Hitler had lost his insistence on “total power”. Then a conservative group arranged for him to enter the government. On January 30,1933, President Hindenburg appointed Hitler chancellor (prime minister) of Germany in a coalition government with the conservatives.
The conservatives thought they could use Hitler for their own interests. But Hitler quickly established his mastery. A fire at the Reichstag (Germany’s legislative assembly) on February 1933, gave him an opening. Communists where blamed for the fire. The government suspended civil liberties. Hitler used mass rallies and propaganda to raise public alarm. Within months, the Reichstag voted to give him sweeping powers. Hitler then destroyed the Communists and Socialists parties and forced the right-wing parties to dissolve. Hindenburg died on August 2, 1934. Hitler then tool the title of supreme leader. He was now the undisputed master of Germany. The bases of his power were still his control over the masses, Hitler also held power through fear. The state secret police enforced Nazi rule. Hitler increased the persecution of the Jews. New laws deprived Jews of their citizenship and imposed other restrictions. Jew and many other people suffered tremendously during the war.
The concentration camps and what the Jews went through
Adolf Hitler gave top priority to removing the Jews from Germany. Between 1933 and 1938 the Nazis boycotted the Jewish businesses; they established quotas in Germany’s professions and schools and forbade intermarriage between Jews and Gentiles and they instituted the first concentration camps at Orangeburg, Buchenwald, and Dachau. They did all of this while the rest of the world looked. The Nazis used the assassination of Ernst vom Roth (a German legation secretary in Paris) as an excuse for Kristallnacht (“The Night of Broken Glass”): on the night of Nov.9-10, 1938, storm troopers burned 267 synagogues and arrested 20,000 people. Germany’s Jews were also required to pay a fine of $400 million for damage to their own property.
After World War II began in September 1939, 3 million Polish Jews were subjected to a blitzpogrom of murder and rape. Reinhard Heydrich-an aide to Heinrich Himmler-issued a ghetto decree that month; Jews were progressively fenced off from the rest of the population. About 700,000 people died of disease and starvation during the next two years. Germany attacked the USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) in June 1942 and four special Eisatzgruppen (“strike squads”) were deployed against Soviet Jewish Civilians. The worst atrocity committed by these squads occurred at the Babi Yar ravine in Kiev. Here 33,771 Jews were machined gunned on Sept.29-30,1941.